Mathematics is often regarded as a universal language, a bridge that connects cultures and civilizations across time. Among the treasure troves of mathematical knowledge that history has bestowed upon us, Vedic Maths stands out as a shining gem. Rooted in ancient Indian texts known as the Vedas, Vedic Mathematics is a unique system of mathematical techniques that offers elegant and efficient solutions to a wide array of mathematical problems. In this article, we will delve into the origins, principles, and applications of Vedic Mathematics, exploring how this ancient wisdom continues to inspire and influence modern mathematical thought.

In the realm of mathematical prowess, few systems have intrigued scholars and enthusiasts alike as much as Vedic Maths Rooted in the ancient Indian scriptures known as the Vedas, this unique approach to mathematics is characterized by its elegance, simplicity, and efficiency. From basic arithmetic to complex equations, Vedic Mathematics offers a comprehensive set of techniques that empower individuals to solve mathematical problems with astonishing speed and accuracy

What is Vedic Mathematics?

 Vedic Maths is a system of mathematical techniques and principles that are derived from the ancient Indian scriptures known as the Vedas. The system was reintroduced to the world by Sri Bharati Krishna Tirthaji Maharaja in the early 20th century. Vedic Mathematics is based on sixteen sutras (aphorisms) and thirteen sub-sutras, which provide a comprehensive framework for solving a wide range of mathematical problems.

The Origins of Vedic Mathematics: A Glimpse into History

Vedic Maths finds its origins in the Vedas, which are ancient Indian texts containing a wealth of knowledge covering a wide range of subjects, including philosophy, science, and mathematics. The term “Vedic Mathematics” was coined by Swami Bharati Krishna Tirtha in the early 20th century when he compiled and systematized the mathematical techniques found in the Vedas.

It’s important to note that Vedic Mathematics isn’t about rewriting the rules of mathematics, but rather, it’s a collection of mental techniques designed to simplify calculations and problem-solving. These techniques are based on the sutras, or aphorisms, that are found in various Vedas. These sutras provide a concise and powerful way to perform mathematical operations, often by breaking down complex problems into simpler components.

The Magic of Vedic Sutras: Key Principles

At the core of Vedic Mathematics are sixteen Sutras (principles) and their corresponding sub-Sutras. These Sutras serve as guiding principles for various mathematical operations, ranging from basic arithmetic to more advanced algebraic concepts. Some of the key Sutras include:

  1. Ekadhikena Purvena : This Sutra translates to “By one more than the previous one.” It’s a technique for squaring numbers ending in 5, which is a notoriously tricky operation in traditional arithmetic.
  2. Nikhilam Navatashcaramam Dashatah: This Sutra is used for multiplication by 9. It provides a simple method to multiply any number by 9 without the need for traditional multiplication.
  3. Urdhva-Tiryagbhyam: Meaning “Vertically and Crosswise,” this Sutra is a powerful method for multiplication of two-digit numbers and beyond.
  4. Paravartya Yojayet This Sutra translates to “Transpose and Apply.” It’s a technique for solving equations involving linear and quadratic terms.

Advantages of Vedic Mathematics

  1. Speed and Efficiency: Vedic Maths excels in mental calculation, allowing practitioners to perform complex calculations swiftly. This is particularly useful in competitive exams and situations where time is of the essence.
  2. Simplicity: The techniques are often simpler and more intuitive than conventional methods. This makes them accessible to a wide range of learners, including students who may struggle with traditional approaches.
  3. Enhanced Mental Math Skills: Engaging with Vedic Mathematics nurtures mental agility, calculation speed, and pattern recognition. These skills are not only beneficial in mathematics but also in various real-life scenarios.
  4. Holistic Problem-Solving: Vedic Mathematics encourages lateral thinking and problem-solving by offering multiple ways to approach a single problem. This fosters a deeper understanding of mathematical concepts.
  5. Cultural Heritage: Studying Vedic Mathematics offers a glimpse into the rich cultural and intellectual history of ancient India. It’s a bridge between the past and the present, showcasing the innovative thinking of our predecessors.

Key Vedic Mathematics Techniques

  1. Vertically and Crosswise: This technique simplifies multiplication and division by breaking down numbers into smaller parts and performing calculations in a more systematic manner.
  2. Duplex Method: This method is used for squaring numbers that end with ‘5’. It simplifies the process of squaring by using patterns and manipulations.
  3. Nikhilam Sutra: This technique is used for multiplication of numbers where one of the factors is close to a base number (such as powers of 10) and the other factor is slightly more or less than the base.
  4. All From 9 and the Last From 10: A technique for subtraction where you transform the numbers to make the calculations easier, particularly useful for mental math.

      5 Paravartya Sutra: This technique aids in solving linear and quadratic equations with ease.


 To get started with Vedic Mathematics, consider these steps:


     1.   Familiarize Yourself Begin by learning the sixteen sutras and thirteen sub-sutras that form the foundation of Vedic Mathematics.

     2 Practice Regularly: Like any skill, practice is essential. Start with simple problems and gradually move on to more complex ones. Regular practice will enhance your proficiency in using Vedic Mathematics techniques.


      3.Understand the Concepts: Don’t just memorize the techniques. Take the time to understand the underlying concepts and patterns, as this will enable you to apply the techniques effectively.


  1. Explore Resources: There are numerous books, online tutorials, and courses dedicated to Vedic Mathematics. Utilize these resources to deepen your understanding and enhance your skills.


  1. Stay Patient and Persistent: Learning a new approach to mathematics might take time, but the benefits are worth the effort. Stay patient and persistent in your practice.



Vedic Maths serves as a testament to the ingenuity of ancient thinkers and their ability to devise elegant solutions to complex mathematical problems. Its principles not only offer an alternative approach to traditional methods but also instill valuable cognitive skills that transcend the realm of mathematics. As we continue to explore the boundaries of human knowledge, let us not forget the timeless wisdom encapsulated within the sutras of Vedic Mathematics.

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